142. Pellorneum mandellii

142. Pellorneum mandellii.

Mandelli's Spotted Babbler.

Hemipteron nipalense, Hodgs. in Gray's Zool. Misc. p. 83 (1844, desc. null.) ; Hume, S. F. i, p. 493. Pellorneum mandellii, Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 165, pl. Vii (1872); Hume, S. F. i, p. 298 note; id. S. F. xi, p. 144; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 99. Pellorneum nipalense (Hodgs.), Hume, N. & E. p. 248; Blanf. S. F. viii, p. 181; Hume, S. F. viii, p. 188; id. Cat. no. 399 bis; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 518. Pellorneum pectoralis, Godwin-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlvi, pt. ii, p. 41 (1877); Hume, S. F. v, p. 340; id. Cat. no. 399 sept.

Coloration. Forehead, crown, and nape rufous-brown; the feathers of the forehead with black shaft-streaks ; a line from the forehead over the eye white, with the tips of the feathers black ; this line produced to the nape and uniform creamy-white behind; ear-coverts rufous, margined below by a narrow dusky line ; chin, throat, and cheeks white; the feathers of the hind neck and sides of the neck with the outer webs blackish, the inner creamy yellow; back, wing- and tail-coverts and tertiaries olive-brown with paler margins; rump and tail plain olive-brown, the latter very delicately tipped with whitish; wing-feathers dark brown, the outer webs the colour of the back, and those of the earlier primaries tinged with grey; lower plumage fulvous, the breast, sides of body, and under tail-coverts with large black streaks; centre of abdomen streakless; sides of body and flanks olivaceous.

Legs and feet fleshy creamy-white; upper mandible brown; lower mandible greenish-horny, yellow at base; iris dull hazel (Hume).

Length about 6.5; tail 2.6 ; wing 2.7 ; tarsus 1; bill from gape .8.

Distribution. The lower hills of Nepal and Sikhim ; the Bhutan and Buxa doars ; Dibrugarh district, Assam ; Khasi, G-aro, and N. Cachar hills; Manipur. In the British Museum there is a specimen labelled ' Gurwhal,' but this locality I think requires confirmation.

Habits, &c. Breeds from April to July, constructing a loose domed nest of moss, leaves, and fibres on the ground. The eggs, three in number, are White speckled with chocolate or purplish brown and measure .87 by .67.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
142. Pellorneum mandellii
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Mandellis Spotted Babbler
Pellorneum ruficeps mandellii
Vol. 1

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