249. Pellorneum fuscocapillum fuscocapillum

(249) Pellorneum fuscocapillum fuscocapillum (Blyth).
THE BROWN-CAPPED BABBLER.
Pellorneum fuscicapillum fuscicapillum, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 245.
This Babbler is confined to the island of Ceylon, and is found over the whole of the Southern, Central and wet Western areas, being replaced by a paler form, babaulti, in the driest Northern regions.
The Brown-capped Babbler keeps “almost entirely to thick scrub, low jungle or the undergrowth of forests” (Wait). Legge’s description of the nest seems to have been based on some mistake, now rectified by Wait and Tunnard, who have taken several nests.
Wait says : “My nest was domed and very cleverly camouflaged in a litter of dry leaves on the ground in the forest. The opening was at one side and the materials were very roughly put together. The lining consisted of a few broken-up dead leaves and the roof of a few more dry leaves.”
Tunnard describes three nests taken by him. Of these one was semi-domed, with a large entrance on one side, composed of dried leaves, a few grasses and the mid-ribs of leaves, with a very scanty lining of black and yellow fibres. This nest was placed in a decayed hollow in a tree about a foot from the ground. Of the other two nests, one was domed and the other semi-domed, andboth were made almost entirely of skeleton leaves, lined with a little grass and fibre. Both of these nests were placed on the ground and all three were built in strips of jungle running through a Tea estate, one strip being along a ravine. The nests were beautifully hidden and, though the bird flew from Tunnard’s feet as he almost trod on the nest, it took him, even then, quite a time to locate, being all hidden in leaves. The nests were so badly put together that they fell to pieces directly they were handled. Tunnard describes the birds as extremely tame, hopping about quite close by as he examined the nests. The nests were taken at an elevation of 2,800 feet. The breeding season, according to Wait, is from November to March and again in September. Two nests were also taken by Tunnard in April.
The eggs generally number two only, though in one nest Wait found three. They are exactly like the eggs of Pellorneum ruficeps (the Spotted Babbler), perhaps on an average a little longer in proportion to their length.
Ten eggs average 22.2 x 16.2 mm. : maxima 22.9 x 16.0 and 22.2 x 17.1 mm. ; minima 21.7 x 15.3 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
249. Pellorneum fuscocapillum fuscocapillum
Spp Author: 
Bodd.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
249
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
211
Common name: 
Brown Capped Babbler
M_ID: 
24658
M_SN: 
Pellorneum fuscocapillus fuscocapillus
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13452

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