Genus PELECANUS

Genus PELECANUS.

Pelecanus Linn, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., i, p. 132 (1758).

Type by taut., Pelecanus onocrocotalus Linn.

In this genus the upper mandible is depressed ; narrower and less flattened at the base, broader and more flattened towards the end; the upper mandible is composed of a median bar, convex externally, continuing the whole length of the bill and terminating in a strongly-hooked nail, whilst the two lateral portions are each marked off from the median bar by a narrow but distinct groove, in the base of which is situated the small nostril. The lower mandible is thin and consists of two flexible rami supporting a large pouch, of naked membrane. The wings are broad but not long or pointed; tail short and nearly square: tarsus compressed and reticulate in front.

Three species occur in India, one of which is represented by two races.

Key to Species.

A. Feathers of forehead terminate in a point…………….... P. onocrocotalus, p. 271.
B. Feathers of forehead end in front in a transverse concave line.
a. Wing over 640 mm.; culmen over 360 mm……………..P. crispus, p. 273.
b. Wing under 630 mm.; culmen under 360 mm……………..P. philippensis, p. 274.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Reference: 
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.6 1929.
Title in Book: 
Genus PELECANUS
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Year: 
1929
Page No: 
270
M_ID: 
2366
M_SN: 
Pelecanus
Volume: 
Vol. 6
Term name: 
id: 
5090

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith