265. Pelecanus onocrotalus.
THE WHITE or ROSEATE PELICAN.
Onocrotalus, the Pelican, in Pliny; from an ass, and=a rattle.
Male 66" to 73"; 25 lbs. Legs fleshy. Bill 16", with crimson central line, nail light red. Differs from P. roseus in having twenty-four tail-feathers. Primaries and winglet black. Secondaries have outer webs white and inner webs grey. Small crest. Pouch yellow, mixed red and purple. The female has a full crest of narrow pointed feathers directed backward, from 4" to 5" long. S. Europe, N. Africa, and S. W. Asia. Those found in N. India during cold season belong apparently to this species, but the greater number are intermediate in size and other characters between P. onocrotalus and P. roseus. (J. 1001. B, 1521.)
Feathers of forehead terminate in a transverse concave line. Under parts white.