785. Pelecanus onocrotalus

785. ROSEATE PELICAN.
PELECANUS ONOCROTALUS.
Pelecanus onocrotalus, Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 215 (1766) ; Naum. xi. p. 150, Taf. 282 ; Gould, B. of E. v. pl. 405 ; Dresser, vi. p. 193, pl. 393 ; Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 462 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 334.
Pelican blanc, French ; Pelicano, Portug, and Span. ; Pellicano Ital. ; Pelikan, Kropfgans, German ; Abu-djemel, Arab. ; Rosovaya Baba, Russ. ; Murgi-soefit, Pers. ; Berkasan, Tartar.
Female ad. (S. E. Europe), General colour white tinged with rose ; occipital feathers elongated and pointed, forming a crest, and an elongated tuft on the lower neck, tinged with isabelline ; primaries black ; bill blue- grey with a pink line marked with red down the side ; space round the eye, forehead, and sides of the frontal lump yellowish ; feet and legs pink ; iris rich red. Culmen 16.0, wing 28.6, tail 8.2, tarsus 5.4 inch. The male is similar but has little or no crest. The young bird has the upper parts dull creamy buff varied with greyish brown ; rump dirty white ; tail dull greyish ; wings brown with greyish margins ; under parts dirty white.
Hab. Southern and south-eastern Europe, rarely straying into central Europe ; of doubtful occurrence in Denmark, and a rare straggler to Sweden and Finland ; north Africa ; Asia Minor and Asia east to northern India.
Frequents inland waters and large marshes where it breeds. It swims with ease, and its flight is easy. It feeds on fish which it captures by dipping its head and taking the fish in its pouch, and they often combine and drive the fish in a small bay. Its note is a deep loud cry. This bird breeds in societies in large marshes, constructing a nest of reeds, and in April or May, 2 or 3, rarely 4, eggs are laid, which are white, the surface chalky and rough and generally marked with blood. In size they measure about 3.5 by 2.32.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
785. Pelecanus onocrotalus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
785
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
562
Common name: 
Roseate Pelican
M_ID: 
2367
M_CN: 
Great White Pelican
M_SN: 
Pelecanus onocrotalus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10729

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