1041. Pelargopsis amauroptera.
The Brown-winged Kingfisher.
Halcyon amauropterus, Pearson, J. A. S. B. x, p. 635 (1841) ; Blyth, Cat. p. 313; Horsf. & M. Cat. p. 124; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 224; Blanf. Ibis, 1870, p. 465; Cripps, S.F. vii, p. 260. Pelargopsis amauroptera, Sharpe, P. Z. S. 1870, p. 63 ; id. Mon. Alc. p. 97,pl. 30; Blyth & Wald.Birds Burm. p. 70; Armstrong, S. F. iv, p. 305; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 73; Hume, Cat. no. 128; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 78; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xvii, p. 97.
Coloration. Whole head, neck, and lower parts, including wing-lining, deep ochreous buff (brownish yellow) ; middle of back and rump bright pale blue; a narrow band across the upper back, scapulars, wings, upper tail-coverts, and tail dark brown. In young birds there are dusky edges to the buff feathers, especially on the hind neck and breast.
Bill deep crimson; irides brown; eyelids brick-red; legs scarlet (Cripps). The bill is black at the tip and for some distance up the culmen in immature birds.
Length about 14 inches; tail 4; wing 5.8; tarsus .7; bill from gape 3.75.
Distribution. On tidal rivers and creeks, brackish or salt, near the coast, from Bengal to a little south of Tenasserim ; also occasionally, hut rarely, near rivers above the tideway.
Habits, This Kingfisher is generally seen on salt-water creeks. It is a noisy bird with a harsh grating cry. Nidification unknown.