Pavo = proper name = Peacock; the same as Greek raws, Anglo-Saxon pawa, English Peafowl. Argus, king of Argos. As he had one hundred eyes, of which only two were asleep at one time, Juno set him to watch Io, whom Jupiter had turned into a heifer; but Mercury, by order of Jupiter, slew him, by lulling all his eyes asleep with the sound of his lyre. Juno put the eyes of Argus on the tail of the Peacock, a bird sacred to her divinity.
Tail of twenty feathers. Occipital crest-feathers long and erect in both sexes. Upper tail-coverts lengthened and beautifully ocellated, forming a "train." Males with one spur on each tarsus. Short spur in females. Polygamous. Roost on trees.
The short, stiff feathers fixed in the uropygium represent the true tail, and serve as a fulcrum to raise and support the long and heavy train. When this train is erect only the head and neck of the bird appears in front of it, which would not be so if these long feathers sprang from the rump as in Turkeys (W. H. K.). Pound wild in India, Indo-Chinese countries, and part of Malaya.