1898. Pavo muticus

(1898) Pavo muticus Linn.
THE BURMESE PEAFOWL.
Pavo muticus, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. v. p. 284.
This very handsome Peafowl is found over the whole of Burma, Siam, Cochin China, the Malay States, Java and possibly Sumatra, To the North it occurs, through it is rare, in the Lushai Hills and Chittagong Hill Tracts. It formerly ranged to Manipur, but appears now to be extinct. There are a few birds in the North Cachar Hills, hut these are said to he the descendants of imported birds, though it is possible they are a remnant of the birds which once inhabited these and the adjoining district of Manipur.
The breeding habits of this species differ in no way from those of the really feral examples of the preceding bird. It breeds either in forest, and that of the most dense, or, very occasionally, in thick, long grass and reeds, or in bamboo-jungle. One nest from which three eggs were taken on the 21st May in North Cachar was in a very thick tangle of thorny bushes almost impossible to get through. The nest was a large scratching in the earth about 2 feet across and nearly 6 inches deep in the centre, but filled with a mass of reed- blades, grass and leaves, the whole being screened by the big buttresses of a huge Cotton-tree, between which it was placed, Gairdner and Keddle found numerous neats in Siam and, among others, the latter records half incubated eggs on the 9th April and chickens a fortnight old on the 18th March.
Mackenzie, Hopwood, Cook and others also took numerous nests in many parts of Burma and state the bird is extraordinarily common on some of the rivers.
Blanford recorded the breeding season in Moulmein as being from June to September but in Pegu as about March. Since his time we have learnt much more about this Peafowl, and now know that practically over the whole of its area January to the end of April forms the chief breeding season, though a few birds may breed after the rains start in July to September, perhaps second broods.
The number of eggs laid is three to six and I have no record of any bigger clutch.
They cannot of course be distinguished from those of the Indian species, but pointed eggs are more common.
Thirty-six eggs average 72.7 x 53.5 mm. : maxima 80.0 x 54.4 and 75.6 x 55.2 mm. ; minima 67.4 x 51.0 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1898. Pavo muticus
Spp Author: 
Linn.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1898
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
192
Common name: 
Burmese Peafowl
M_ID: 
1646
M_CN: 
Green Peafowl
M_SN: 
Pavo muticus
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
15083

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