1106. Passer rutilans debilis

(1106) Passer rutilans debilis Hartert.
Passer rutilans debilis, Fauna B, I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iii, p. 181.
This race of Cinnamon Sparrow replaces the last over the whole of the lower North-West Himalayas from the foot-hills up to about 9,000 feet, but most commonly between 3,000 and 6,000 feet, though Osmaston found it extremely common at Aru in the Liddar Valley at about 8,300 feet.
The nesting of this species differs in no way from that of the last and, like that bird, it sometimes haunts forest and breeds in holes in trees and, at other times, human habitations and in the eaves of the roof and in holes in walls. Marshall (G. F. L.) says that at Naini Tal “it breeds most commonly in the eaves of verandahs and outhouses.” At the same place, however, Whymper took many nests from holes in trees. In Murree both Rattray and Marshall (C. N. T) say that it builds abont houses and often in deserted Swallows' nests, but the former also found it placing its nests in holes in trees.
Cock, writing of Dharmsala, says ;—“It usually breeds about 4,000 to 5,000 feet. It always breeds in bellow trees, especially in the rhododendron, and makes a large nest of grass lined with feathers after the usual Sparrow fashion.”
At Kotegarh Hume tells us that the bird is so common that “a hundred nests may be found within a radius of a quarter of a mile, but they do not cluster together in Sparrow-towns as the Willow-Sparrows do.”
The breeding season is from April to July, many birds having two broods and, in some cases, three, such broods taking them well into August.
The normal clutch of eggs is four or five, generally the former, but Hume took one of six, while I have known three to be incubated.
They cannot be distinguished individually from those of cinna¬momeus but, as a series, are more blotched and less stippled, more grey and less brown.
Sixty eggs average 18.9 x 13.9 mm. : maxima 20.2 x 14.1 and 19.1 x 14.6 mm, ; minima 18.0 x 13.1 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1106. Passer rutilans debilis
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Kashmir Cinnamon Sparrow
Passer rutilans rutilans
Vol. 3
Term name: 

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