1680. Otus sunia sunia

(1680) Otus sunia sunia (Hodgs)
The Northern Indian Scops Owl.
Otus sunia sunia, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv, p. 435.
The range of this Owl is all along the Outer Himalayas from. Hazara to Eastern Assam, North of the Brahmapootra. Field found it breeding in Gya, and it undoubtedly breeds in the plains of the Punjab, United Provinces and Bihar, and occurs, and is probably resident, in the Central Provinces.
In the daytime they keep to forest, orchards or trees in open country which have very dense foliage in which to hide. They occur all over the plains and in the hills up to some 6,000 feet or more.
The only note on its nidification in Hume’s ‘Nests and Eggs’ is that of Thompson, who says:—“They breed from March to August, in holes of trees, usually at ho great height from the ground. It is a common bird in our forests (Garhwal). Several pairs used to breed in the Botanical Gardens at Saharanpore. A pair has been breeding for three seasons in a small tree in front of the forest- bungalow at Kotidwara. Four years ago a young one was brought to me in the month of July."'
In North Assam we found it breeding in thin evergreen forest on the rocky and precipitous banks of the Subansiri River. The eggs, four in number, were laid in a large hollow in a dead stump of a tree about 7 feet above the ground. The bird flew from the tree as we passed, but immediately returned and was caught by hand on the nest.
Field told me that a clutch of eggs taken by him were laid in a hole in among the stones of a wall of one of the famous ruined temples of Gya.
Buchanan obtained eggs in Murree on the 12th February and Field in Gya on the 27th March. The breeding season seems, there¬fore, to be February to April. Only three or four eggs have been taken in a clutch, but it is sure to lay five sometimes, as does modestus.
The ten eggs I have measured average 32.8 x 27.0 mm. : maxima 34.8 x 26.5 and 32.0 x 28.0 mm. ; minima 30.1 x 26.1 mm.
The young birds when molested behave just like all other young Scops Owls, hissing and growling alternately and striking at the offending hand with their feet.
During the breeding season both sexes fly quickly into the air off some elevated perch and then fly round in circles with wings stiffly extended, both birds being sometimes in the air together, squawking softly in a note I have heard at no other time.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1680. Otus sunia sunia
Spp Author: 
Hodgs.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1680
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
523
Common name: 
Norrn Indian Scops Owl
M_ID: 
6401
M_SN: 
Otus sunia sunia
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14849

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith