1681. Otus sunia modestus

(1681) Otus sunia modestus (Walden).
THE BURMESE SCOPS OWL.
Otus sunia modestus, Fauna B, I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. iv. p. 437.
Specimens of this bird obtained in the Cachar and. Khasia Hills, South of the Brahmapootra, are of this race. From this district they extend throughout Burma as far South as North Tenasserim and again East through Siam, the Shan States and Cambodia. They are also found in the Andamans and Nicobars.
The habits of this race are the same as those of others of the genus. In the South Assam hills we found it almost always selected holes in dead or living trees in evergreen forest, but often in those on the banks of streams. One of the first I ever found was in a hole of a tree-stump leaning over the Mahor stream ; climbing this, in order to cast further over a pool I was fishing, a little Owl flew out. I kept perfectly still, and in a few minutes it returned and was caught in my landing-net.
The holes selected are from 6 to 20 feet from the ground, generally . natural hollows in decayed branches or trunks, but occasionally a deserted Grackle’s or Woodpecker’s nest-hole.
The breeding season is February to April, but I have taken eggs on the 2nd May and the 26th June, both of which were, I believe, second layings, the first having been destroyed or stolen by vermin.
The usual full clutch is three or four, but I have twice seen five young in a nest.
Thirty-three eggs average 31.0 x 27.0 mm. : maxima 33.1 x 27.2 and 31.0 x 28.0 mm. ; minima 30.0 x 25.5 and 30.3 x 25.4 mm.
The birds are very hard to drive away from their nesting sites. One of my collectors told me that he took two clutches of this Owl’s eggs, one on the 9th and the second on the 21st of April ; on each occasion he caught the bird and examined her carefully, but when he released it the second time it flew straight back to the empty nest, and was there when he left.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1681. Otus sunia modestus
Spp Author: 
Walden
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
1681
Year: 
1934
Page No: 
524
Common name: 
Burmese Scops Owl
M_ID: 
6405
M_SN: 
Otus sunia modestus
Volume: 
Vol. 3
Term name: 
id: 
14850

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith