115. Otis tarda.
THE GREAT or EUROPEAN BUSTARD.
Tarda, the Spanish name, according to Pliny (Hist. Nat., x. p. 29). A Celtic or Basque word. Tarda and Bistarda are always used as substantives, like the French Outarde (from avis tarda, through the Provencal Austarde, as avis struthio became Autruche in French and Ostrich in English) and our Bus-tard.
Male 45"; 20 to 30 lbs. Female 33"; 8 1/2 lbs. Legs blackish. Bill brown.— Male: Head and upper neck light grey. Chin, with long narrow feathers on each side of throat, white. Breast pale orange. Back orange, barred black. Below pure white.— Female: No rufous gorget, and without chin-plume till third or fourth year.— Young born buff colour, barred black. S. and C. Europe, N. Africa, C. Asia, China. Eggs (3.0 x 2.3) olive, clouded light brown. (B. 1412. H. & M. i. 1.)
Also O. dybrowski, 34", similar to 0. tarda, from E. Siberia, Japan, and China; and O. rhaad, from Africa.