522. Oriolus traillii.
The Maroon Oriole.
Pastor traillii, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 175; Gould, Cent. pl. 35. Analcipus traillii ( Vig.), Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, 1877, p. 467. Psaropholus traillii (Vig.), Jard. &; Selb. Ill. Orn. iv, pl. 26; Blyth &; Wald. Birds Burm. p. 139. Oriolus traillii (Vig.), Blyth, Cat. p. 215; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 272; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 112; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iii, p. 222; Hume, Cat. no. 474; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 299; Oates, B. B. i, p. 216; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 188; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 362.
Melambok, Lepch.; Tania-pia, Bhut.
Coloration. The whole head, neck, chin, and throat black; the wings and under wing-coverts, with the tips of some of the scapulars, glossy black; remainder of plumage, with the tail, bright shining maroon-red, the tail not so bright as the other parts.
The young have the crown and nape dark brown; back, rump, scapulars, and wing-coverts dark brown, each feather edged with rufous; upper tail-coverts maroon-red, with black shafts; tail maroon-red; the greater part of the middle pair of feathers and the edges of the outer webs of the others brown; lower plumage white, streaked with brown; under tail-coverts pale maroon; wings brown. As the bird grows older the head becomes black, the upper plumage loses the rufous fringes and turns gradually to maroon, the under plumage becomes tinged with red, the streaks disappear, and the adult plumage is assumed by a series of slow changes.
Bill pale bluish grey ; irides pale buffy yellow; feet plumbeous; caws blue at base, pale horny at tip (Scully).
Length 11; tail 4.5 ; wing 6; tarsus 1; bill from gape 1.45.
Distribution. The Himalayas from the Sutlej valley to Dibrugarh in Assam ; the Khasi hills ; Manipur ; Karennee ; Northern Tenasserim; Pegu; Arrakan. This species is rare and very locally distributed. It ascends the Himalayas to 7000 or 8000 feet.
Habits, &c. The nest of this Oriole has been found in Sikhim in April. It is of the usual Oriole type. The eggs resemble those of O. kundoo, and measure about 1.13 by .82.