Family ORIOLIDAE

The intrinsic muscles of the syrinx fixed to the ends of the bronchial semirings ; the edges of both mandibles smooth, the upper one simply notched ; hinder aspect of tarsus smooth, composed of two entire longitudinal laminae ; wing with ten primaries ; tongue non-tubular; nostrils clear of the line of forehead, the lower edge of the nostril nearer to the commissure than the upper edge is to the culmen; plumage of the nestling streaked; rictal bristles present; rectrices twelve; sexes generally different; an autumn moult only.

The Orioles comprise a number of birds which are found over the tropical and temperate regions of the Old World. They are mostly birds of bright plumage. They have rich flute-like notes, and in habits are strictly

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
Family ORIOLIDAE
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
498
M_ID: 
19408
M_SN: 
Oriolidae
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
699

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