1125. Sterna fuliginosa

1125. SOOTY TERN.
STERNA FULIGINOSA.
Sterna fuliginosa, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 605 (1788) ; Naum. xiii. p. 267, Taf. 387 ; Wils. Am. Orn. viii. p. 145, pl. 72, fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of Austral, vii. pl. 32 ; Temm, and Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, p, 133, pl. 89 ; (David and Oust.), Ois. Chine, p. 528 ; Dresser, viii. p. 307, pl. 587 ; Saunders, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxv. p. 106 ; id. Manual, p. 653 ; Ridgway, p. 45 ; Lilford, vi. p. 26, pl. 11 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 324.
Male ad. (Florida Keys). Forehead, sides of head to the eye, chin, throat, and entire under parts white ; crown, a stripe from the base of the bill through the eye, nape, hind neck, and upper parts, with the tail black, the mantle tinged with brown ; the outermost feather on each side of the tail greyish black towards the end of the inner web, otherwise white ; bill and legs black ; iris reddish brown. Culmen 1.9, wing 11.2, tail 7.0, tarsus 0.92 inch. In winter the lores and crown are marked with white.
Hab. Atlantic, chiefly on the southern islands, the southern coasts of North America, and as far south as Chili ; several parts of the African coasts ; rarer on the coasts of Asia, but is found as far south as Australia ; very rare on the Pacific coasts of America, but has been recorded from the Aleutian Islands and Western Mexico. Has been obtained three times in England, and thrice on the continent of Europe.
Is essentially a marine bird, and nests in large communities on many of the tropical and subtropical islands, depositing as a rule a single egg on the ground. The eggs are white or cream buff in ground-colour, the shell-markings purplish grey, and the surface spots and blotches deep red ; some are but slightly marked, but others are very boldly blotched. In size they measure about 2.0 by 1.39.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
1125. Sterna fuliginosa
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
1125
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
818
Common name: 
Sooty Tern
M_ID: 
4629
M_CN: 
Sooty Tern
M_SN: 
Onychoprion fuscatus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
10842

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