508. Cenanthe opistholeuca

(508) Oenanthe opistholeuca Strickland.
THE BLACK-BELLIED CHAT.
Oenanthe opistholeuca, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 44.
This Chat has almost exactly the same breeding range as the preceding bird. It extends from Turkestan, Afghanistan, Baltistan, Gilgit and along the frontier of North-West India as far South as Thull.
Fulton says that this Chat “is the commonest bird in the highest valleys (Chitral) in summer up to elevations of 10,000 feet and in the valleys in Winter. There were numerous young birds as low as 6,000 feet in June and July.”
Lieut. Kinchin, of the Kuman Militia, obtained several nests of this Chat near Parachinar on the North-West Fr6ntier in May 1905, which he sent to Rattray with one or both the parent birds. The nests are described as “made of grass-stems and a few feathers, lined with grass and hair and placed in holes in rocks, about 9" to 12" inside, at 4,500 feet upwards.” These nests were taken between the 7th and 27th May. Two nests contained each five eggs and a third nest only two. One clutch of five is so pale a blue that it appears white unless placed alongside a really white egg. The pair of eggs are almost as pale, whilst the other clutch, of five, are a pale blue. When carefully examined, all the eggs have a few very faint specks of pale reddish at the larger end but, unless so examined, they appear immaculate. They vary from rather broad to rather long ovals in shape and are distinctly pointed. The texture is fine and close but the gloss not very pronounced.
Twelve eggs average 20.2 x 15.5 mm. : maxima 21.4 x 14.3 and 20.0 x 16.1 mm. : minima 19.9 x 15.6 and 21.4 x 14.3 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
508. Cenanthe opistholeuca
Spp Author: 
Strickland.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
508
Year: 
1933
Page No: 
37
Common name: 
Black-bellied Chat
M_ID: 
28551
M_CN: 
Variable Wheatear
M_SN: 
Oenanthe picata
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
13681

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith