(504) AEnanthe monacha.
The Hooded Chat.
Saxicola monacha Temm., Pl.. Col., p. 359, fig. 1 (1825) (Nuia) ; Blanf. & Oates, ii, p; 69.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description.— Male in summer. Forehead, crown, nape, rump, upper tail-coverts, abdomen, vent and under tail-coverts pure white; tail white, the terminal two-thirds of the central pair brown, the other pairs marked, in varying degree, with brown towards the tips; remainder of plumage black.
Colours of soft parts. Iris hazel; bill, legs and feet black.
Measurements. Total length 175 to 180 mm.; wing 101 to 106 mm.; tail 67 to 70 mm.; tarsus about 24 mm.; culmen 16 to 17 mm.
After the autumn moult the new black feathers of back, breast and wings are all fringed with white.
Female. Upper plumage sandy-brown, sometimes-tinged with buff; rump and upper tail-coverts creamy-fawn; tail like the male but the white replaced by buff and generally with more brown on the outer pairs; lower plumage pale, dingy buff.
Measurements. Bather smaller than the male.
Distribution. From Nubia and Upper Egypt and coasts of Red Sea, through Palestine, Persia, Afghanistan and Baluchistan to the Mekran Coast and hills of Sind. The farthest East recorded is Brooks's specimen obtained in January in Sehwan.
Habits. Practically nothing recorded.