45. Saxicola lugens

45. PIED WHEATEAR.
SAXICOLA LUGENS.
Saxicola lugens, Licht. Verz. Donbl, p. 33, (1823), Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 370 ; S. leucomela, (Pall.), Dresser, ii. p. 231, pl. 33, fig. 2 ; S. erythroea, id. ii. p. 219, pls. 28, 29 ; Koenig, J. f. O. (1895), p. 206, Tabb. iv. v. fig. 1 ; S. persica, Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 372 (1881).
Male ad. (Egypt). Crown, nape, rump, upper tail-coverts and basal part of tail, breast, and abdomen white, the crown tinged with grey ; back wings, sides of head, and neck, throat and upper flanks black ; central tail-feathers white at base, otherwise black, remaining tail-feathers white broadly tipped with black, all with narrow terminal white tips ; under wing-coverts and axillaries black, inner quill-webs white ; under tail- coverts pale rufous ; legs and beak black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.7, wing 3.75, tail 2.75, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female has the black replaced by brown, the head and nape washed with isabelline ; entire under parts nearly white, the under tail-coverts washed with buff. The young male resembles the female, but has the lores, ear-coverts, and cheeks nearly black, the throat varying from grey to dull black.
Hab. N. Africa from Algeria to Egypt ; Nubia, Abyssinia, Arabia, Palestine, ranging east to Shiraz in Persia, and Sind. In habits it does not differ from its allies. It breeds in April and May, its nest being usually placed in a hole in the ground, and well concealed. Its eggs 5 to 6 in number, are deep blue-green spotted and blotched with reddish-brown.
Saxicola persica, of which I have examined the type, does not appear to me to be separable from this species.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
45. Saxicola lugens
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
45
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
31
Common name: 
Pied Wheatear
M_ID: 
28567
M_CN: 
Mourning Wheatear
M_SN: 
Oenanthe lugens
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10643

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