52. Saxicola leucura

52. BLACK WHEATEAR.
SAXICOLA LEUCURA.
Saxicola leucura (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 820 (1788) ; Dresser, ii. p. 247, pl. 36 ; Seebohm, Cat. B. Br. Mus. v. p. 375 ; Koenig. J. f. O. 1895, Taf. vi. (nest and eggs) ; S. cachinnans, Temm., Man. d’Orn. i. p. 236 (1820).
Kocheil, Arab.
Male ad. (Algeria). Upper and under tail-coverts pure white ; terminal half of middle and tips of the remaining rectrices black, the rest of the tail white ; all the rest of the plumage, the beak and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.91, wing 3.66, tail 2.92, tarsus 1.08 inch. In the female the black is brownish black. The young bird is dull black, the under tail-coverts tipped with dull white, the upper tail-coverts pure white, and the tail black, tipped with white.
Hab. Southern Europe from Portugal to Greece, and Algeria, and is a resident, but many of those which breed in south Europe pass the winter in north Africa.
It frequents desolate stony localities and is shy but very lively in its habits. Its song is said to resemble that of the Blue Rock Thrush but is not so loud or clear. Its nest is placed in a hole, and it protects it by heaping up small stones at the entrance. It is constructed of dried plants and grass-bents and lined with hair and feathers. The eggs, from 4 to 6 or even 7 in number, are deposited from March to May and are very pale greenish blue, spotted at the larger end with pale rusty-red and measure 0.9 by 0.68.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
52. Saxicola leucura
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
52
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
35
Common name: 
Black Wheatear
M_ID: 
28552
M_CN: 
Black Wheatear
M_SN: 
Oenanthe leucura
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10030

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