1064. Lophoceros gingalensis.
The Ceylonese Hornbill.
Buceros gingalensis, Shaw, Gen. Zool. viii, p. 37 (1811); Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 998; xvi, p. 996; id. Cat. p. 44; Layard, A. M. N. H. (2) xiii, p. 260. Tockus gingalensis, Blyth, Ibis, 1866, p. 350; 1867, p. 296; Holds-worth, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 425; Legge, Ibis, 1874, p. 14; 1875, p. 282 ; id. Birds Ceyl. p. 275, pl. xiv; Elliot, Mon. Buc. pl. 55 ; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 366; id. Cat. no. 145 bis. Ocyceros gingalensis, Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. M. xvii, p. 397.
Coloration. Crown and nape greyish brown, the feathers with pale shaft-stripes; an indistinct pale superciliary band extending over the ear-coverts, which are blackish ; upper parts dark ashy grey, browner on the hind neck; wing-coverts dark-edged ; quills black; outer webs of secondaries grey above, the five middle primaries, beginning with the third, with long white tips; tail-feathers blackish brown, the middle pair throughout, the others with long white terminations, the three outer pairs become entirely white in old birds ; lower parts white, greyish in the young ; vent and lower tail-feathers pale rufous.
Nostril round, free from feathers. Bill in males yellowish white, with a black patch on each side of the base of the upper mandible, and another beneath the lower mandible; in females the bill is black, with a long white patch on the lower half of the upper mandible; irides red; orbital skin black; legs and feet greenish plumbeous.
Length about 23 ; tail 8.75 ; wing 8 ; tarsus 1.75 ; bill from gape 4.25. Females are smaller, the wing measuring 8.25, and the bill 3.4.
Distribution. Throughout Ceylon, in forest up to an elevation of 4000 feet.
Habits, &c. Similar to those of the last species, but the flight as observed by Legge appears to resemble that of L. birostris. This Hornbill lives mainly on fruit, but occasionally eats lizards, scorpions, and insects.