Numenius Brisson, Ornith., i, p. 48, v, p. 311 (1760).
Type by mon., Scolopax; arquata Linn.
In this genus the bill is very long, slender and curved downwards over the greater part of its length ; the tip of the upper mandible is blunt and projects beyond the lower mandible ; the nasal orifice is linear and is placed in a groove which extends over about three-quarters the length of the bill; the legs are rather long; the tarsus reticulated except on the lower half in front, where it is covered with transverse scutellae; the hind toe is moderate in size, the claws dilated and the toes webbed at the base ; the wing is long and pointed, the first primary longest and the inner secondaries very long; sexes alike.
This genus contains the Whimbrels and Curlews, which are spread over the greater part of the world.
Key to Species.
A. Crown streaked; wing over 260 mm......................N. arquata, p. 200,
B. Crown brown with a pale median band ; wing under 260 mm......................N. phaeopus, p. 203.