159. Numenius phaeopus.
THE WHIMBREL, WHAUP, or SEVEN WHISTLER.
The mediaeval name; from =dusky, and =a foot.
Male 16". FEmale 18". Legs bluish. Bill 3" to 3 1/2", dusky. Crown brown, with median white band. Pale broad eye-streak. Above brown with whitish spots. Flanks and axillaries barred. Lower back and rump unstreaked white. Europe and N. Asia in summer; Africa, S. Asia, Malay Archipelago, and Australia in. winter. Winter visitor to India, Ceylon, and Burma. Eggs (2.3 x 1.7) olive, spotted brown. Its note is a whistling " titterel" repeated seven times. T. H. Thornley, of Birkenhead, reported that on 4.10.94, in lat. 12° 33' N., long. 26° 38' W., a Whimbrel, N. phceojpus, came on board the homeward bound R. M. S. S. Thames, and being exhausted and starved, was easily caught. The nearest land would be Cape Verd Islands, lying about 200 miles to the north.
Also N. variegatus, 15", which replaces N. phaeopus in E. Siberia and Japan, extending in winter to the Malay Archipelago and Australia.
N. hudsonicus. male 14". 9 17". Similar to N. phaeopus. From N. America, wintering in S. America.
N. tahitiensis. male 18 1/2". 9 17". From N. America, visiting the Pacific Isles, where it is believed to breed.
N. borealis. male 13 1/2". female 14". The Eskimo Curlew. "With quills uniformly coloured, and without bars on inner webs.
Also the genus Mesoscolopax. One genus— M. minutus, 13", with tarsus transversely scutellated both in front and behind, from E. Siberia, passing through Japan and China on its migrations to the Moluccas and Australia.