158. Numenius arquatus.
The mediaeval name. It is generally said to be derived from the bird's bill being bent like a bow, arcus; but it more likely refers to arquatus morbus=the jaundice ("when the skin turns to the yellow colour of the rainbow"), in allusion to the legend about Charadrius, Galbula, Icterus, etc.
Goar, Goungh, India; Choppa, Sada Kastachura, Bengal.
Male 21"; 27 oz. Female 26"; 30 oz. Legs grey. Bill 4" to 7 1/4", brown. Tongue rather short. Above brown, edged rufous. Lower back and rump white, with blackish shaft streaks ending in dusky spots. Abdomen white, with dark shaft lines on breast and flanks. In summer the male becomes darker, with broader shaft lines. In winter the female resembles male in being nearly white below. Nearly cosmopolitan, breeding in temperate Europe and Asia, wintering in Africa and S. Asia. Winter visitor to India, Ceylon, and Burma. Accidental in N. America. Eggs (2.6 x 1.8) olive, blotched grey. Its note is the wild scream of "cur-lew." (J. 877. B. 1454) See illustration, p. 166.
Also N. tenuirostris. 16". Similar to N. arquatus. Prom C. Europe.
N. cyanopus. Male 21". Female 24" Breeding in E. Siberia and wintering as far south as Australia.
N. longirostris. male 18 1/2". female 21". From America.
Crown with central longitudinal pale band.