(2134) Numenius arquata lineatus.
THE EASTERN CURLEW.
Numenius lineatus Cuvier, Regne Anim., i, p, 521 (1831) (India). Numenius arquatus. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 252 (part.).
Vernacular names. Goar, Goungh, Barra Gulinda (Hind.); Choppa, Sada Kastachura (Beng.) ; Borinda (Sind).
Description. Differs from the preceding bird in being lighter, more fulvous, less brown above ; the lower parts are streaked with much finer, paler streaks ; the lower back and rump are often almost unstreaked white and are never barred as in some specimens of a. arquatus the axillaries are pure white or very lightly streaked on the longest only.
Colours of soft parts as in the typical form.
Measurements. Wing, 280 to 297 mm., 300 to 314mm. culmen, d1 137 to 139 mm. (one Calcutta 167 mm.), 135 to 194 mm.
Distribution. From Baikalia to Kirghis Steppes and West Siberia. In Winter South to the whole of India, Burma, China, Philippines etc. In India it occurs on all the coasts commonly as far South as Ceylon and also inland wherever there are large areas of swamp and lake.
Nidification. Taczanowski describes the nest and eggs of the Eastern Curlew as indistinguishable from those of the Western bird. Smirnoff took several sets of eggs at Krasnoyarsk and Yenesei which he attributed to the Common Curlew but which must, of course, be those of this race. They were all taken in late May and on flat marshy land close to the Yenesei River but no details were given me of the nests.
Habits. Those of the species. All the records of the Curlew in Eastern India and Burma are of this race.