47. Nucifraga multipunetata

(47) Nucifraga multipunetata Gould.
THE LARGER-SPOTTED NUTCRACKER.
Nucifraga multipunetata, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 67.
This Nutcracker seems to breed over almost the same area as the last. Some authorities consider the birds to be two dimorphic forms of one and the same species, others that they are races of one species. The first is impossible, for the two forms not only disagree in coloration but also in size ; the latter is impossible because you cannot have two subspecies breeding in the same area.
Ward records this form as common in Kashmir. Fulton obtained a specimen in the Patteson Valley on the N.W. Frontier at 7,000 feet ; it occurs in the better wooded parts of Ladak next to Kashmir and, finally, three skins were sent me from the Chambi Valley in Sikkim.
I can trace no records of its nidification but MacDonald sent me three skins with three clutches of eggs which were obtained in the extreme North of the Chambi Valley by his son. The skins, although only battered remnants, sufficed to show that they were very definitely this species. They were taken between the 3rd May and 6th June and were all, according to the natives who showed the nests, second layings at an elevation not less than 9,000 feet and probably considerably higher. The nests were all on coniferous trees, two described Firs” and one as “a kind of Deodar.” The only nest sent was a quite compact, well-made nest of twigs, lichen, roots and coarse fibre lined thickly with pine-needles, grass and one or two scraps of moss. The nest was too flattened down in its box to measure accurately but must have been about 10 inches across. It was said to have been “very high up in the tree.”
The eggs differ very greatly from the two described for the preceding bird. Two clutches have the ground pale blue as in the eggs of that bird but the marks are all small blots and specks of brown with others, similar in shape and size, underlying them of pale grey. The third clutch differs in having no blue in the ground-colour and is more densely marked.
Ten eggs average 32.8 x 25.4 mm. : maxima 34.8 x 23.8 and 33.3 x 25.9 mm. ; minima 30.6 x 24.1 and 34.8 x 23.8 mm.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
47. Nucifraga multipunetata
Spp Author: 
Gould.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
47
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
54
Common name: 
Larger-spotted Nutcracker
M_ID: 
20491
M_CN: 
Large-spotted Nutcracker
M_SN: 
Nucifraga multipunctata
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13274

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