744. SpizAetus nepalensis

744. Nepalese Hawk Eagle.
Spizaetus nepalensis (Hodgson), J.A.S.B, v. p. 229, pl. 7 (1836) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. i. p. 267 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 352 ; S. orientalis, Temm, and Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, pl. 3 (1850).
kanda-panthiong, Lepcha. ; Kuma-taka, Jap.
Male ad. (India). Crown and sides of head blackish ; crest 3 to 4 inches long narrowly tipped with white ; upper parts dark brown ; quills with somewhat indistinct bars ; rump and upper tail-coverts barred brown and white ; tail greyish brown with blackish bands ; throat white with a central blackish stripe ; breast buffy white broadly striped with blackish brown ; rest of under parts brown barred with white ; bill black ; cere hoary black ; feet dull yellowish white ; iris yellow ; legs feathered to the base of the middle toe. Culmen 1.9 wing 17.0, tail 12.5, tarsus 4.2 inch. Female similar but rather larger. The young bird has the crown and sides of head warm isabelline, spotted and striped with blackish brown ; rest of the upper parts earthy brown, some of the feathers with pale margins ; tail earth-brown, whitish at the extreme base and with broad dark bars ; entire under parts warm rufous buff with a few blackish brown short stripes on the breast.
Hab. The Himalayas from Kashmir to Bhutan, visiting the plains of Northern India in the cold season ; China ; Mongolia ; Japan.
This is a forest-haunting species, and preys on small mammals, pheasants, and other game birds. It breeds in the Himalayas, and in Japan, placing its nest, which is a bulky structure of sticks, on a tree, and from January to May the eggs, 2 in number, are deposited. These are greenish white, sparingly marked with pale purple and reddish brown and measure about 2.7 by 2.2.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
744. SpizAetus nepalensis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Nepalese Hawk Eagle
Mountain Hawk-Eagle
Nisaetus nipalensis
Vol. 2

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