No. 81 BIS. Ninox Affinis.* TYTLER.
THE ANDAMAN HAWK OWL.
I admit this bird as a distinct species, with some hesitation. I am by no means convinced, that Col. Tytler's bird is really smaller than the males of the Indian race are, and though the appearance of the lower surface of the Andaman bird does differ somewhat from specimens of the Indian bird in Col. Tytler's museum, I should like to compare a series of the one, with a series of the other before finally assenting to the validity of the new species. Let, however, Col. Tytler, (who has most obligingly furnished me with notes on this and other Andamanese species) speak for himself.
"This species was first procured at Haddoa Point, Port Blair, Andamans. I named it Affinis from its strong resemblance to the Indian N. Scutellatus, which latter is larger in all its proportions than the Andaman bird, and in its general colour is lighter; the feet of the Indian bird are larger and coarser, and the whole of the under surface, considerably less rufous than N. Affinis, but the most striking difference is in the markings of the abdomen, and flanks of the Indian bird, which from the points of each feather being brown, gives those parts a spotted instead of a streaked appearance which the Andaman bird has," (vide detailed description).
Capt. Beavan says in the Ibis, " Closely allied to Ninox Scutellatus, (Raffles) but very considerably smaller, and differ¬ing also in being much more rufous on the under parts, and darker generally above. Not uncommon at Aberdeen point, Port Blair, in heavy jungles, and thick forests."
Nothing is known of the nidification, and nothing further of the habits of this species.