705. HAIRY OWL.
Ninox scutulata (Raffl.), Tv. Linn. Soc. xiii. p. 280 (1822) ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. ii. p. 156 ; Blanf. F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iii. p. 309 ; N. hirsuta (Temm.), Pl. Col. i. pl. 289 (1824) ; N. japonica (Bp.), Consp. G. Av. i. p. 41 (1850) ; (Temm, and Schlegel), F. Jap. Aves, pl. 9B ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 36 ; N. lugubris (Tickell), J.A.S.B. ii. p. 572 (1833) ; Sharpe, tom. cit. p. 154 ; N. burmanica Hume, Str. Feath. iv. p. 285 (1876) ; N. innominata Hume, op. cit. iv. p. 286 (1876) ; N. affinis Beavan, Ibis, 1867, p. 316 ; Sharpe, tom. cit. p. 155.
Choghad besra, Hind. ; Kal-pechak,. Beng. ; Aoba-dzuku, Jap.
Male ad. (Japan). Ruff and facial disk obsolete ; upper parts rich choco¬late brown, less rufous in tinge on the head and neck ; scapulars and inner¬most secondaries slightly marked with buffy white ; tail boldly barred with blackish on a greyish brown ground ; chin, white, the hair-like feathers round the bill white, with black shafts ; under parts chocolate brown, broadly striped with white ; under tail-coverts white, sparingly streaked with pale chocolate brown ; bill bluish black, cere dull green ; feet dull yellow, claws horn brown : iris bright yellow ; tarsus feathered, the toes sparsely covered with bristles. Culmen 0.97, wing 7.4, tail 4.2, tarsus 0.98 inch. Female similar but larger.
Hab. Sidemi in S.E. Siberia, the island of Askold, Corea, Japan ; India, China, Burma, Ceylon, and the Indo-Malayan region generally.
This Owl is chiefly nocturnal, keeping in the dense woods during the day time. It feeds on insects, mice, lizards, etc. Its call-note is a not unmelodious hoot, whoo-wuk, whoo-wuk, and it is said when wounded to cry like a hare. It is also said to evince a marked preference for the vicinity of water. It breeds early in the year, but little is known of its breeding habits. An egg found in Ceylon was in the hollow of a dead cocoa-nut tree, on an irregular bed of dried leaves, and was pure white, with a fine compact but scarcely glossy shell, in shape nearly spherical, and measured 1.45 by 1.27.
705. Ninox scutulata
705. HAIRY OWL.