856. Aethyia rufina

856. Red-chested Pochard.
AETHYIA RUFINA.
AEthyia rufina (Pall.), Reise ii. App. p. 713, No. 28 (1773) ; (Naum.), xii. p. 7, Taf. 307 ; (Gould), B. of E. v. pl. 369 ; (id.), B. of Gt. Brit. v. pl. 22 ; (Dresser), vi. p. 559, pl. 435 ; (Salvadori), Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 328 ; (Blanford), F. Brit. Ind. Birds, iv. p. 456 ; (Saunders), p. 441 ; (Lilford), vii. p. 106, pl. 43.
Canard siffleur huppe, French ; Sivert, Span. ; Germano turco, Ital. ; Kolbenente, German ; Nyrok krasnonosyi, Russ. ; Lal-chonch, Lal-sir, Hindu.
Male ad. (S. Russia). Head crested ; head and upper neck rusty red with a pink tinge, the crown paler ; hind and lower neck and upper breast black ; middle of back brown, the scapulars paler and reddish ; rump and upper tail-coverts blackish brown ; tail and quills dark ashy grey ; secondaries white with a subterminal greyish brown bar ; elongated inner secondaries ashy grey ; wing-coverts ashy brown ; under parts blackish brown, the sides of the abdomen white ; bill vermilion-red, the tip white ; legs orange-red ; iris reddish brown. Culmen 2.3, wing 10.8, tail 3.5, tarsus 1.6 inch. The female is greyish brown above, the scapulars paler ; secondaries greyish . white barred with brown towards the tip ; throat, sides of head below the eye, neck, and under parts whitish ; bill blackish with a pink tip ; legs and feet pinkish, the webs blackish.
Hab. Southern Europe, rarely straying north as far as Great Britain and Denmark ; North Africa ; Southern Russia east to Turkestan, migrating in winter south to Northern and Central India.
Frequents fresh-water lakes and marshes, and is extremely shy and wary ; its call-note is harsh, not unlike the croak of a Crow, and its food consists of water-plants, aquatic insects, small shellfish, and fish or frog spawn. It breeds near fresh¬water, placing its nest on the flags or ground, constructing it of dead stems of rushes or leaves lined with down, and in May deposits 7 to 9, occasionally 10 eggs which are greenish gray in colour and measure about 2.28 by 1.60.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
856. Aethyia rufina
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
856
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
616
Common name: 
Red Chested Pochard
M_ID: 
502
M_CN: 
Red-crested Pochard
M_SN: 
Netta rufina
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
10685

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