1715. Neophron perenopterus ginginianus

(1715) Neophron perenopterus ginginianus (Lath,).
Neophron perenopterus ginginianus. Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed, vol. v, p. 23.
Excepting the area occupied by the preceding race in the North-West this Vulture is found over the whole of India from Cape Comorin to the Himalayas. It is only a straggler into Ceylon and does not occur in extreme Eastern Bengal or Assam, but is common in Chota Nagpur and Bihar, In the South of India it occurs in the Plains and in the hills up to 7,000 feet hut it is not found in the Himalayas.
It is unnecessary to add anything in regard to its nesting habits to what has already been recorded about the larger race. The present bird makes the same kind of nest in the same situations and has exactly the same habits.
Dr. Coltart, when sending me some eggs, says they show rather well the types of situations these birds select. “One pair I took from a deserted nest of a Black Eagle (Ictinaetus), another from the walls of an old indigo factory with practically no nest at all, a third from a large really well-built nest made in a Mango-tree, one of a large grove in which there were other nests, and the fourth from the crown of a palm-tree just outside my bungalow garden.”
A curious site for this Vulture’s nest is recorded by Major W. P. Paynter (Journ, Bomb. Nat. Hist, Soc. vol. xxx, p. 229, 1928), who found one on the ground at the foot of a tree in the Ganges Kadir containing a single egg.
Over most of their area these Vultures breed principally in March and April, but in Jamalpore Ollenbach found thorn breeding on the high mud-cliffs of Khorapore in April and early May.
In Belgaum Butler took numerous nests in February ; Davidson and Wenden obtained eggs from the Deccan in February and March, while Vidal found two nests with young ones in January, so that in this last instance the eggs must have been laid the first week in December at latest. In Chota Nagpur I found eggs in May and the birds were still laying in June.
Two eggs only are laid, sometimes only one and very rarely three. They cannot be distinguished from those of the Egyptian bird but, as a series, are very much more poorly marked, really handsome eggs being the exception rather than the rule ; they are also much smaller.
One hundred eggs average 64.3 x 49.3 mm. : maxima 71.0 x 53.8 and 62.8 x 54.0 mm. ; minima 57.7 x 46.0 and 68.3 x 41.6 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
1715. Neophron perenopterus ginginianus
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Smaller White Scavenger Vulture
Neophron percnopterus ginginianus
Vol. 4

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