742. Pycnorhamphus affinis.
The Allied Grosbeak.
Hesperiphona affinis, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxiv, p. 179 (1855) ; Jerd, B. I. ii, p. 385 ; Blyth, Ibis, 1867, p. 43. Pycnorhamphus affinis (Blyth), Hume, Cat. no. 726; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 46.
Coloration. Male. The whole head, chin and throat, the upper part of the fore neck, wings, scapulars, the sides of the back, and the tail deep black ; the feathers of the middle line of the back black on the outer web, yellow on the inner ; neck all round, rump, and entire lower plumage from tho throat downwards rich yellow, tinged with orange on tbe rump and hind neck ; upper tail-coverts black ; under wing-coverts and axillaries black.
Female. The whole head, chin, and throat ashy; hind neck, sides of neck, rump, and lower plumage olive-yellow; back, scapulars, upper tail-coverts, the lesser and median wing-coverts, and the greater portion of the outer webs of the greater coverts and secondaries ashy green ; remainder of wing and the tail deep black.
Males not quite adult have the head, chin, and throat dark brown with pale fringes, and the lower plumage saffron-yellow.
Bill bluish in winter, yellow in summer; feet fleshy yellow (Jerdon). The few dated specimens in the British Museum, however, show that the bill is blue in summer and yellow in winter, in the dried state at least.
Length about 9; tail 3.8; wing 5; tarsus 1 ; bill from gape .95.
Distribution. Nepal and Sikhim, extending into Tibet and Western China. In the British Museum there is a specimen of this bird which is marked as having been procured at Dharmsala. This Grosbeak appears to bo found only at high elevations.