377. Muscicapa grisola

377. SPOTTED FLYCATCHER.
MUSCICAPA GRISOLA.
Muscicapa grisola, Linn. Syst, Nat. i. p. 328 (1766) ; Naum. ii. p. 216, Taf. 64, fig. 1 ; Hewitson, i. p. 74, pl. xxi. fig. 1 ; Gould, B. of E. ii. pl. 65 ; id. B. of Gt. Brit. ii. pl. 19 ; Newton, i. p. 220 ; Dresser, iii. p. 447, pl. 156 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 4 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. iv. p. 151 ; Saunders, p. 157 ; Lilford, ii. p. 83, pl. 39.
Gobe-mouche gris, French ; Taralhao, Portug. ; Papa-moscas, Span. ; Piglia-mosche, Ital. ; Graue Fliegenfanger, Germ. ; Vliegenvanger, Dutch ; Graa Fluesnapper, Dan. and Norweg. ; Gra Flugsnappare, Swed. ; Harmaa-karpassieppaaja, Finn. ; Saraya Mycholovka, Pienka, Russ.
Male ad. (England). Upper parts hair-brown, the feathers on the crown with dark centres ; wings and tail darker, the inner secondaries margined with pale brown ; under parts white, the breast washed with light brown sides of the throat, breast, and flanks sparingly streaked with hair-brown ; flanks tinged with yellowish buff ; beak dark brown ; legs blackish ; iris hazel-brown. Culmen 0.52, wing 3.35, tail 2.5, tarsus 0.6 inch. Sexes alike. The young birds are profusely spotted with buffy white, the larger wing-coverts are broadly tipped with buff ; under parts white, marked on the breast and throat with brown.
Hab. Europe generally, as far north as Lapland ; Asia as far east as the valley of the Irkut, and rarely to Dauria, and in the Himalayas to Simla ; wintering in the plains of India, and in Africa as far south as the Cape Colony.
Very tame and confiding, it is one of our best known birds. It usually perches on a stick, fence, or bare bough, from whence it takes short flights after passing insects, returning to the same perch. It feeds on insects of various kinds, which it captures chiefly on the wing, but it has been known to eat berries in the autumn. Its note is a prolonged, somewhat melancholy tshee several times repeated, and it has no regular song. It breeds late in May or in June, placing its cup-shaped nest in a hollow tree, a hole in a wall, amongst creepers, or ivy, rarely in a bush. The nest is constructed of moss, rootlets, and grass-bents, lined with wool, hair, or feathers, and the eggs, 4 or 5 in number, are pale blue- green or sea-green with pale red or purplish red shell-markings and dark surface-blotches, and measure about 0.7 by 0.56.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
377. Muscicapa grisola
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
377
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
253
Common name: 
Spotted Flycatcher
M_ID: 
27731
M_CN: 
Spotted Flycatcher
M_SN: 
Muscicapa striata
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
10853

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