375. Hemichelidon sibirica

Hemichelidon sibirica (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 936 (1780) ; Oates, Faun. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 5 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. iv. p. 120 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 475 ; H. fuliginosa, Hodgs. P.Z.S. 1845, p. 32 ; Jerdon, B. of Ind. i.p. 458.
Dang-chim-pa-pho, Lepch.
Male ad. (India). Upper parts with the wings and tail dark brown, secondaries and wing-coverts with pale margins ; a white ring round the eye ; lores mixed white and brown ; middle of throat and abdomen white, the rest of the under parts smoky brown striped with dull greyish white ; bill dark brown, yellowish below ; legs brownish black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.45, wing 3.1, tail 2.15, tarsus 0.5 inch. Sexes alike. The young have the upper parts streaked and spotted, the lesser wing-coverts tipped, and the larger coverts and quills margined with fulvous, and the under parts are paler than in the adult. Compared with M. grisola this species is much smaller and darker and the bill is shorter and wider.
Hab. Eastern Siberia from Kamchatka to Dauria, Mongolia, and China ; the higher ranges of the Himalayas from Afghanistan and Kashmir to Sikkim ; wintering at the foot of the Himalayas, in Burma, and the Malay peninsula.
In its general habits it much resembles M. grisola, frequent¬ing groves and the forest where conifers and deciduous trees are intermingled. Its song is melodious and prolonged, and is uttered from the top of a tree. It breeds in June in Siberia, and in the Himalayas to an altitude of 13,000 feet, and places its nest on the small branches or near the trunk of a tree at an altitude of from 5 to 20 feet. The nest is bulky for the size of the bird, constructed of grass, rootlets, plant-stems, and moss, lined with fine moss and roots. The eggs, from 3 to 5 in number, resemble those of M, grisola, but the markings are smaller and they are smaller in size, measuring about 0.65 by 0.47.

A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
375. Hemichelidon sibirica
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
Page No: 
Common name: 
Siberian Flycatcher
Dark-sided Flycatcher
Muscicapa sibirica
Vol. 1
Term name: 

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