589. Alseonax ruficaudus.
The Rufous-tailed Flycatcher.
Muscicapa ruficauda, Swains. Nat. Lib. x, Flycatchers, p. 251 (1838). Cyornis ruficauda (Swains.), Jerd. B. I. i, p. 468; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 30 ; Hume, S. F. iv, p. 396; id. Cat. no. 307 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 165. Siphia ruficauda (Swains.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. iv, p. 457.
Coloration. "Upper plumage and sides of the neck dull olive-brown; upper tail-coverts and tail chestnut; coverts and quills of wing brown edged with olive-brown; lores and round the eye greyish white ; ear-coverts fulvous-brown with pale shafts; the whole lower plumage pale earthy brown.
The young are of the usual spotted character, but the upper tail-coverts and tail are chestnut from the first.
Iris dark brown ; upper mandible pale brown, lower fleshy; legs, feet, and claws purplish brown (Davison).
Length 5.5 to 6 ; tail 2.3 ; wing 3.3 ; tarsus .6 ; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. Found in summer in Kashmir, Gilgit, and the Himalayas from Murree to the valley of the Bhagirati river up to altitudes of 10,000 feet. This species extends in summer to Afghanistan, where Wardlaw Ramsay observed it breeding but failed to find its nest. In the winter months it has been recorded from Ahmednagar and Mount Abu, and from numerous other localities in the west of India down to Travancore, extending on the east as far as Raipur in the Central Provinces.
Godwin-Austen records this species from Cachar, but probably by an oversight.