376. Alseonax latirostris

376. BROWN FLYCATCHER.
ALSEONAX LATIROSTRIS.
Alseonax latirostris (Rafiles), Trans. Linn. Soc. xiii. p. 312 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. iv. p. 127 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 35 ; (Tacz.) F. O. Sib. O. p. 467 ; Hume and Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 185, pl. v. ; Muscicapa ciereo-alba, Temm, and Schlegel, Faun. Jap. Aves, p. 42, pl. 15.
Kosamebitaki, Jap. ; Zakki, Hindu.
Male ad. (India). Upper parts dull ashy brown, the feathers on the crown with somewhat darker centres ; wings and tail dark brown, the secondaries and coverts with ashy white margins ; outer tail-feathers with narrow whitish tips ; a white ring round the eye ; lores whitish ; under parts white, washed with pale brownish ash on the breast and flanks ; bill short and broad, black, the base of the lower mandible yellow ; legs black : iris brown. Culmen 0.45, wing 2.8, tail 1.95, tarsus 0.5 inch. Sexes alike. The young have the upper parts spotted with fulvous, the crown blackish, streaked with fulvous, and the under parts mottled with brown. It can easily be distinguished from M. grisola, for besides being less streaked and spotted, and having a very short broad bill, it has the second quill shorter than the fifth, whereas in M. grisola it is longer.
Hab. Eastern Siberia, Japan, Corea, China, the Himalayas ; wintering throughout India, in Burma, the Malay peninsula, Java, Sumatra, Borneo, and the Philippines, and is said to breed even in Ceylon.
In general habits and in its food it resembles M. grisola, and frequents groves and woods, chiefly those of non-evergreen trees. Its song is agreeable and melodious, and is usually uttered from an exposed position. Its nest is constructed of fine grass-bents or plant-stems, moss, and externally garnished with lichens and small pieces of bark, and carefully lined and neatly constructed, being easily distinguishable from that of H. sibirica. It is usually placed on the branch of a tree near the trunk, or on the bole of a willow. The eggs, 4 to 5 in number, are white with a faint greyish olivaceous tinge, unspotted, and measure about 0.66 by 0.5.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
376. Alseonax latirostris
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
376
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
252
Common name: 
Brown Flycatcher
M_ID: 
27746
M_CN: 
Asian Brown Flycatcher
M_SN: 
Muscicapa latirostris
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10089

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