297. Motacilla madaraspatensis

297. LARGE PIED WAGTAIL.
MOTACILLA MADARASPATENSIS.
Motacilla madaraspatensis, Gmel. Syst. Nat. i. p. 961 (1788) ; Gould, B. of Asia, iv. pl. 61 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. x. p. 490 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 291.
Mamula, Khanjan, Hindu ; Sakala sarela-gadu, Tel.
Male ad. (India). Differs from M. lugubris in having no white on the head or neck excepting a broad superciliary stripe from the nostril to the ear-coverts, passing above these to their end ; lesser and median wing- coverts black ; larger wing-coverts nearly all white. Bill and legs black ; iris brown. Culmen 0.68, wing 3.75, tail 4.1, tarsus 1.05 inch. There appears to be no seasonal change of plumage, and the female resembles the male, but has the upper parts tinged with grey and is considerably smaller. In the young bird the black is replaced by greyish brown, the supercilium in front of the eye is wanting, and the white portions of the plumage are tinged with fulvous.
Hab. Turkestan, India from Kashmir and Bind to Sikhim and Western Bengal, Ceylon. In India it is a permanent resident, occurring in the Himalayas in summer to an altitude of 3,000 feet, and breeds also in the plains of India.
In general habits it resembles the European bird, and frequents river-banks, ponds, brooks, &c. In the breeding season it is said to utter a pleasing song. It breeds from March to May, the nest being constructed of grass-bents, rootlets, fine twigs, and vegetable fibres, and lined with hair, wool, or feathers. It is placed in a hole in a bank, under stones, in the woodwork of bridges, or any such suitable place, and the eggs, usually 4 in number, are dull white or greenish white spotted and blotched with different shades of brown, and measure about 0.90 by 0.66.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
297. Motacilla madaraspatensis
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
297
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
199
Common name: 
Large Pied Wagtail
M_ID: 
30344
M_CN: 
White-browed Wagtail
M_SN: 
Motacilla maderaspatensis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10475

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