303. Motacilla citreola

303. YELLOW-HEADED WAGTAIL.
MOTACILLA CITREOLA.
Motacilla citreola, Pall. Reis. iii. App. p. 696, No. 14 (1776) ; Naum, xiii. p. 117, Taf. 377, figs. 2, 4 ; Gould, B. of E. pl. 144 ; Dresser, iii. p. 245, pl. 127 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. x. p. 503 ; Oates, P. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 298.
Male ad. (Yenesei). Head, neck, and under parts rich canary-yellow ; upper parts dark slate-grey ; a black collar on the hind neck ; wings and tail black, the former with whitish margins, the outer tail-feathers nearly white ; bill and legs black ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.65, wing 3.33, tail 3.2, tarsus 1.05, hind toe with claw 0.7 inch. The female has the crown and nape dull yellowish grey, tinged with brown, the back browner ; no black collar ; wings and tail duller ; superciliary line, lores, throat, and under parts canary-yellow. The young bird has the crown nape and upper parts dull grey washed with yellowish brown, the under parts dull white tinged with primrose, forehead and supercilium yellowish white, and the lower throat tinged with yellow and marked with greyish brown. In the winter the male resembles the female above described but is darker above, the forehead is yellow, the supercilium broader, the lower breast and abdomen primrose-yellow, and there are a few black marks on the lower throat.
Hab. North-east Europe and Siberia as far east as Lake Baikal and the Ussuri ; Central Asia ; China ; wintering in the plains of India.
In general habits it differs but little from its allies, but affects chiefly marshy, humid localities, and it is but seldom seen in company with other species of Wagtails. Nidification commences late in May or in June, and the nest, which is constructed of grass-bents usually, but not always, lined with hair and a feather or two, is placed on the ground, well hidden in the marsh grass or under a low bush, and the eggs, usually 5 or 6 in number, are deposited late in June, and resemble those of M. flava, but are rather more stone-buff in tinge, and measure about 0.75 by 0.60.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
303. Motacilla citreola
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
303
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
203
Common name: 
Yellow Headed Wagtail
M_ID: 
30313
M_CN: 
Citrine Wagtail
M_SN: 
Motacilla citreola
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
11141

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