607. Monticola solitaria transcaspica

(607) Monticola solitaria transcaspica.

Hartert's Blue Rock-Thrush.

Monticola solitaria transcaspica Hartert, Bull. B. O.C., xxiii, p. 43 (1909) (Askabad). Petrophila cyanus. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 146 (part.).

Vernacular names. Shama (Hind, in S.) ; Pandu (Mahr.).

Description.— Adult male. Whole plumage bright blue; the fore-crown, cheeks, chin and throat brightest; tail dark brown, the feathers edged with bluish; lesser wing-coverts bluish; remaining coverts and quills brown, the greater coverts with white tips.

Colours of soft parts. Iris hazel to deep brown; bill black with a yellow gape; legs and feet black.

Measurements. Total length about 230 mm.; wing 116 to 122 mm.; tail 80 to 84 mm.; tarsus about 29 to 30 mm,; culmen 23 to 24 mm.

Female. Above grey-brown, the feathers, more especially of the head, with rather dark central marks ; the upper tail-coverts with distinct bars of blackish and obsolete bars on the rump; wings and tail light brown with paler edges and a white wing-bar formed by the tips of the greater coverts; below dull fulvous-white cross-barred with dark brown, more streaky on the chin, throat and neck. Some females have a certain amount of bluish tinge both above and below.

Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill dark horny-brown; legs and feet black.

Measurements. Wing 112 to 120 mm.

Nestling. Like the female but duller and darker, each feather above with a broad white tip and subterminal dark bar; the under parts from chin to vent closely barred with blackish brown.

Hartert's Blue Bock-Thrush differs from the European bird in its paler plumage.

Distribution. From Transcaspia through Persia to the Indo-Afghan and Baluchistan boundaries. It is common and resident on the Kurram and Khagan Hills.

Nidification. Col. H. H. Harington took a nest with three eggs on the 10th of June at about 8,000 feet on the Khagan ridge. It was built under an overhanging bank in a rocky hillside. All three eggs are pigmies unfortunately and the measurements are valueless.

Habits differ in no way from those of the common Indian form next described.

The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds(second Edition)
Baker, EC S (1922–1930) The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma. Second edition. vol.2 1924.
Title in Book: 
607. Monticola solitaria transcaspica
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Harterts Blue Rock Thrush
Monticola solitarius longirostris
Vol. 2

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Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith