694. Monticola saxatilis.
Turdus saxatilis, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 294 (1766). Monticola saxatilis (Linn.), Blyth, Cat. p. 165; Blanf. Ibis, 1870, p. 466 ; Hume & Henders. Lah. to Turk. p. 190; Scully, S. F. iv, p. 139; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 379; id. Cat. no. 351 ter; Biddutph, Ibis, 1881, p. 53 ; Scully, Ibis, 1881, p. 439; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 313. Orocetes saxatilis (Linn), Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 189.
Coloration. Male. The entire head and neck blue ; back, scapulars, lesser wing-coverts, and rump blackish blue; the centre of the back occupied by a large white patch ; lower plumage, upper tail-coverts, and tail chestnut, the middle pair of tail-feathers with their terminal half brown ; median and greater coverts and quills dark brown, the coverts and secondaries narrowly tipped with whitish. After the autumn moult the lower parts are fringed with white, and some of the feathers of the head with black.
Female. Upper plumage brown, each feather with a blackish shaft-streak and a subterminal dark bar with a pale tip; upper tail-coverts chestnut, similarly barred and tipped; tail chestnut, the middle pair of feathers brown on their terminal half; lower plumage dull white, suffused with rufous everywhere except on the throat, each feather with a wavy interrupted cross-bar near the tip ; under tail- and wing-coverts and the axillaries chestnut with indistinct white tips.
Bill dusky, lower mandible yellow at base; iris brown; legs, feet, and claws black (Scully).
Length about 7.5 ; tail 2.5; wing 4.7; tarsus 1.1; bill from gape 1.1.
Distribution. Occurs in Gilgit at the autumn migration, the birds met with in this locality being chiefly young. Stoliczka obtained a specimen, probably of this species, near Dras. Blanford records this species from the banks of the Irrawaddy, near Ava, in Upper Burma.
This Rock-Thrush has an extensive range from Northern Africa and Southern Europe through Asia to China. Its migration appears to be of very limited extent.