690. Petrophila erythrogastra

690. Petrophila erythrogastra.

The Chestnut-bellied Rock-Thrush.

Turdus erythrogaster, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 171; Gould, Cent. pl. xiii. Petrocincla erythrogastra (Vig.), Blyth, Cat. p. 164; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 185. Orocetes erythrogastra (Via.), Jerd. B. I. i, p. 514; Wardlaw Ramsay, P. Z. S. 1876, p. 677 ; id. Ibis, 1877, p. 463. Petrophila erythrogaster (Vig.), Hume, N. & E. p. 227; id. Cat. no. 352; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 282; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 102. Monticola erythrogaster ( Vig.), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 325; Oates, B. B. i, p. 10.

The Chestnut-bellied Thrush, Jerd.; Ningri-pho, Lepch.

Coloration. Male. After the autumn moult, the lores, sides of the head and neck, and the mantle black, each feather margined with whitish; remaining upper plumage brilliant cobalt-blue; lesser and median coverts brown edged with cobalt-blue; greater coverts and quills brown edged with duller blue ; tail bluish brown; chin and throat black overlaid with blue; remainder of lower plumage maroon-chestnut. The white edges to the black portions of the plumage soon wear off, and in spring and summer these parts are usually black.

Female. Dull olive-brown, the feathers of the back, scapulars, rump, and upper tail-coverts with wavy black bars and paler fringes; lores, centre of chin and throat, a patch on the side of the neck, and a broad but ill-defined cheek-stripe buff, each feather more or less fringed with black; ear-coverts black with mesial buff streaks ; greater coverts and quills more or less margined white ; tail plain brown; lower plumage, axillaries, and under wing-coverts barred with black and buff.

In the male the bill is black ; gape yellow; iris dark brown; feet vinous brown or black; claws blackish : in the female the bill is dusky ; mouth and gape yellow; iris brown; tarsus dark brown ; toes blackish (Scully).

Length about 9.5; tail 4.2; wing 4.9; tarsus 1.1; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. A permanent resident in the Himalayas from Chamba to Bhutan; the Khasi hills ; Cachar ; Manipur ; the mountains east of Toungngoo. This species extends into "Western China.

Habits, &c. Breeds from April to July, constructing a nest on the ground under a rock or stump or in a hole in a bank, and laying three eggs, which measure about 1 by .75, and are described by Hodgson as being somewhat buff-coloured.

* I cannot identify Petrocincla castaneocollis, Lesson, Rev. Zool. 1840, p. 166, described as occurring in the Himalayas. Seebohm does not refer to this species in his Catalogue of the Thrushes. Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, p. 34 note, suggests that the type was a young Monticola saxatilis.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
690. Petrophila erythrogastra
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Chestnut Bellied Rock Thrush
Chestnut-bellied Rock Thrush
Monticola rufiventris
Vol. 2

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