870. Mirafra assamica.
The Bengal Bush-Lark.
Mirafra assamica, McClett. P. Z. S. 1839, p. 162 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 476 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 416; Hume, N. & E. p. 473 ; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 223; Cripps, S. F. vii, p. 294; Hume, Cat. no. 754; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 606; Oates, B. B. i, p. 375; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 609 ; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 287; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 229. Mirafra assamensis, McClell., Blyth, Cat. p. 134. Mirafra immaculata, Hume, S. F. i, p. 12 (1873).
Aggia, Hind.; Bhiriri at Bhagalpur.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage dark ashy brown with blackish streaks on all parts except the rump ; wing-coverts blackish margined with pale ashy ; primary-coverts externally rufous ; quills dark brown, most of them externally margined with chestnut and all of them with a large portion of the inner web chestnut; tail brown margined with ashy rufous, the penultimate and outer feathers with the greater part of the outer web pale rufous; lores and an indistinct supercilium fulvous; sides of the head fulvous barred with brown; chin and throat pale fulvous white; remainder of lower plumage darker fulvous, the breast coarsely streaked with triangular marks of brown; under wing-coverts and axillaries ferruginous.
Bill dusky above, fleshy white below; legs fleshy white; iris yellowish brown (Hume).
Length rather more than 6; tail 2 ; wing 3.3; tarsus 1 ; bill from gape .75.
Distribution. The north-eastern part of the Indian Peninsula, north and east of a line drawn roughly from Garhwal to Cuttack, extending through Bengal into Assam and thence south on the one hand to the neighbourhood of Bhamo and on the other to Arrakan.
Habits, &c. Breeds from March to July, laying four or five eggs, which are greyish white speckled with brown of different shades, and measure about .82 by .61.