872. Mirafra affinis.
The Madras Bush-Lark:
Mirafra affinis, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. xiii, pt. 2, p. 136 (1844) ; id. Ill. Ind. Orn. text to pl. 38; Blyth, Cat. p. 133; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 475 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 417; Hume, N. & E. p. 474; Ball, S. F. vii, p. 223; Hume, Cat. no. 755; Legge, Birds Ceyl. p. 634 ; Davison, S. F. x, p. 404; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xiii, p. 614; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 233.
Eeli-jitta, Tel.; Chirchira, Hind.; Leepee, in Central India; Gomarita, Cing.
Coloration. Upper plumage rufous-brown with very broad median dark brown streaks to all the feathers ; tail dark brown narrowly margined with rufous, the outer web of the outermost feather being very broadly margined with this colour ; wing-coverts and quills dark brown, margined with rufous, most of the quills with a large band of rufous on the inner web; lores and supercilium pale fulvous; ear-coverts rufous mottled with brown; chin and throat very pale fulvous; remainder of lower plumage deeper fulvous, the breast streaked with large triangular patches of dark brown ; under wing-coverts and axillaries rufous.
Legs, feet, claws, lower mandible, and edges of upper mandible fleshy white; rest of upper mandible horny brown; iris sienna-brown (Davison).
Length about 6 ; tail 1.8 to 2.1 ; wing 3.2 to 3.5 ; tarsus 1; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. Ceylon and Southern India, extending north to Midnapore in Bengal on the eastern side of the Peninsula and to the Nilgiris on the western.
Habits, &c Little is known about the nidification of this Lark. It appears to lay in May and June and its nest and eggs are not likely to differ in any respect from those of the other species, the habits of which are well known.