271. Phalacrocorax javanicus.
THE LITTLE CORMORANT.
Jograbi, India; Niru-kahi (Telugu); Nir-kakam, Ceylon.
Male 19" to 22". Legs black. Bill brown. Feathers black, edged brown. Scapulars and wing-coverts dark silvery grey. Chin white.— In summer: Short crest and white triangle on crown. Chin, throat, and below black. India, Ceylon, Burma, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, and Borneo. Common in India. Three to five eggs (1.76 x 1.16).
Also P. africanus. 22". Similar to P. javanicus, but feathers of back and scapulars ash, with a black spot at tip. Africa south of 29 1/2° N. lat., Madagascar.
P. melanoleucus. 23". Chin, throat, and below white. Australia, Tanging to New Zealand, New Guinea, the Moluccas, and Pelew Islands.
P. brevirostris. 22". Chin, throat, and sometimes the foreneck white, rest of under parts black. New Zealand and Chatham Islands.
P. pygmaeus. 22". Chin and throat reddish brown, rest of under parts black. C. and S. Europe, N. Africa, S.W. and C. Asia.