782. Phalacrocorax africanus

782. African Cormorant.
PHALACROCORAX AFRICANUS.
Phalacrocorax africanus (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 577 (1788) ; Dresser, vi. p. 169. pl. 390 ; Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvi. p. 407.
Male ad. (Egypt). General colour glossy black with bottle-green re¬flections ; forehead intermixed with white and furnished with a short crest ; sides of back, scapulars, and wing-coverts grey and blackish grey broadly tipped with black ; quills and tail black washed with grey ; bill yellow, the ridge of the mandible brown ; bare skin of the face bluish ; iris carmine-red ; legs black. Culmen 1.3 wing 7.5, tail 6.0, tarsus 1.5 inch. After the breeding season the head and neck are brown, the greyish feathers on the upper parts are margined with brownish white ; chin an'l throat, breast and abdomen white ; base of neck and chest brownish white.
Hab. Africa, from the Delta of the Nile to the Cape of Good Hope; Madagascar.
In habits it resembles P. pygmceus. It frequents inland waters—rivers, lakes, morasses, and even ponds, and is not to be met with on the sea-coasts. Its flight is strong and rapid, and it is an expert diver, feeding -almost exclusively on fish, but frogs and even grasshoppers h-ive been found in its stomach. Its nest is a scanty structure of sticks, which is placed on a bush, and it deposits 3 to 4 eggs which are bluish white covered with a layer of chalky substance and which measure about 1.80 by 1.22.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
782. Phalacrocorax africanus
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
782
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
559
Common name: 
African Cormorant
M_ID: 
2431
M_CN: 
Reed Cormorant
M_SN: 
Microcarbo africanus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
9941

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