325. Merganser serrator

325. Merganser serrator.

THE RED-BREASTED MERGANSER.

Serrator=one using a saw, serra.

Male 22" to 26"; 2 lbs. Female 21" to 23 1/2". Legs deep red. Bill deep red. Light brown band, streaked black round base of neck. Narrow black band down back of neck. Flanks white, vermiculated grey and black. Rump white.— Female : Crown and nape dull brown. Chin and throat white. Northern Hemisphere,, and wintering in Mediterranean area, C. Asia, United States, etc. Six to twelve eggs (2.6 x 1.7), pale buff. (B. 1614. H. & M, iii. 305.)

Also M. australis. 19". Legs red-brown. Bill red-brown, tip black. Head and neck brown in both sexes. Flanks dark grey, Under tail-coverts grey, edged white. Aucklands.

M. brasilianus. 19". Legs and bill greenish black. Head and upper neck glossy black. Lower parts barred, white and black. S. E. Brazil.

Also the genus Lophodytes. With serrations of both mandibles short, blunt, and not inclined backwards at tips. One species, viz.—

L. cucullatus. 17 1/2". The Hooded Merganser. Legs yellow. Bill black. Head and upper neck black. Semicircular crest white, edged black. Above brown-black. Bump and below-white, N. America, casual in British Isles, Eggs (2 x 17) white.
325. Merganser serrator.

THE RED-BREASTED MERGANSER.

Serrator=one using a saw, serra.

Male 22" to 26"; 2 lbs. Female 21" to 23 1/2". Legs deep red. Bill deep red. Light brown band, streaked black round base of neck. Narrow black band down back of neck. Flanks white, vermiculated grey and black. Rump white.— Female : Crown and nape dull brown. Chin and throat white. Northern Hemisphere,, and wintering in Mediterranean area, C. Asia, United States, etc. Six to twelve eggs (2.6 x 1.7), pale buff. (B. 1614. H. & M, iii. 305.)

Also M. australis. 19". Legs red-brown. Bill red-brown, tip black. Head and neck brown in both sexes. Flanks dark grey, Under tail-coverts grey, edged white. Aucklands.

M. brasilianus. 19". Legs and bill greenish black. Head and upper neck glossy black. Lower parts barred, white and black. S. E. Brazil.

Also the genus Lophodytes. With serrations of both mandibles short, blunt, and not inclined backwards at tips. One species, viz.—

L. cucullatus. 17 1/2". The Hooded Merganser. Legs yellow. Bill black. Head and upper neck black. Semicircular crest white, edged black. Above brown-black. Bump and below-white, N. America, casual in British Isles, Eggs (2 x 17) white.

Also the subfamily MERGANETTINAE.

TORRENT DUCKS.

Tail rather long and stiff. No tooth-like serrations on edge of mandible. Three genera, viz.— The genus Salvadorina. With prominent lamellae. Wing with a distinct speculum. One species, viz.—

S. waiginensis. 17 1/2". Legs yellow. Bill brown, nail yellow. Head and neck dark brown, edged paler. Chin white. Above black, barred white. Below buff, spotted brown. Speculum white, black and white. Waigiou.

The genus Hymenoloemus. Similar to Salvadorina, but no wing-speculum. One species, viz.—

H. malacorhynchus. 19". Legs dark brown. Bill white, tip and edge black. General plumage lead-blue. Breast thickly spotted chestnut. New Zealand.

Also the genus Merganetta. With no prominent lamellae. Tail-feathers very stiff, and with very narrow webs. Six species. Confined to the Andes:—

M. armata. 17". Legs red. Bill yellow. Head and neck white. Cheeks, throat, and breast black. Two white bands across the wings.

M. fraenata. 18". Similar to M. armata, but has a black band over and before the eyes, with triangular white patch on lores separated from the white superciliary stripe.

M. turneri. 17". Neck and sides of head white. Breast and flanks black. Feathers of back edged rufous.

M. garleppi. 17". Similar to M. armata, but no black band across breast, and feathers of back edged grey.

M. columbiana. 15". Legs red. Bill yellow, culmen black. Breast and abdomen white. Feathers of back edged olive.

M. leucogenys. Similar to M. columbiana, but breast and abdomen tinged rusty. (B.M. Cat., xxvii. 327-485.)

BookTitle: 
Game, Shore And Water Birds Of India
Reference: 
Le Messurier, Augustus. Game, Shore, and Water Birds of India Fourth Edition, 1904.
Title in Book: 
325. Merganser serrator
Book Author: 
A Le Messurier
CatNo: 
325
Year: 
1904
Page No: 
286
Common name: 
Red Breasted Merganser
M_ID: 
567
M_CN: 
Red-breasted Merganser
M_SN: 
Mergus serrator
Volume: 
4th ed.
Term name: 
id: 
13207

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