Head and neck naked and wattled, with a few hair-like feathers. An erectile fleshy process on forehead. Tail broad, of eighteen feathers. Three species, viz.—
M. gallopavo. Male 43". Female 40". The Mexican Turkey. Plumage black. Long black, hairlike feathers on breast. Upper tail-coverts and tail tipped white. Primaries equally barred brown and white. Naked skin on head and neck pale crimson.— Female : Crown-band of narrow feathers. No hair-like feathers on breast. Below fringed white. N. Mexico, Arizona, New Mexico, and W, Texas. Roost on trees. Eggs (2.7 x 1.9) creamy white, dotted red-brown. The origin of the domestic breed. Brought to Europe early in sixteenth century.
M. ellioti, a subspecies differing from M. gallopavo in having feathers of rump, upper tail-coverts, and tail tipped pale rufous-buff. E. Mexico and S.W. Texas.
M. amcricana. The American Turkey differs from M. gallopavo in having feathers of lower rump, flanks, upper and under tail-coverts, and tail tipped deep maroon. Eight to thirteen eggs. Nest, a slight depression in ground, either at foot of tree or under a thick bush, lined with dead leaves and grass.
M. osceola. The Florida Turkey, a subspecies, differs from M. americana in having white bands on quills very narrow and tips of tail-feathers pale chestnut. Usually in flocks of from two to twenty.
M. ocellata. Male 33", Female 33". The Honduras Turkey. Mantle, chest, and flanks brass-green, margined black and fringed green. Ocelli on tail greenish blue. Tail margined copper-red. Naked skin of head, neck, and fleshy process blue.— Female: Tarsi with small wart-like knobs. C. America. Eggs (2.4 x 1.8). (O. G. ii. 103-111).