553. Melanocorypha mongolica

553. MONGOLIAN LARK.
MELANOCORYPHA MONGOLICA.
Melanocorypha mongolica (Pall.), Reis. Buss. Beichs, iii. p. 697 (1776) ; (Radde) Reis. Sud. Ost. Sib. Vog. ii. p. 146, Taf. iii. fig. 1 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 319, pl. 88 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 558 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 417.
Male ad. (E. Siberia). Upper parts chestnut-brown, more rufous on the head and rump, the back, wing-coverts, and rump obscurely marked with darker rufous ; outer quills blackish with narrow paler margins ; inner primaries and secondaries white ; innermost secondaries dark brown margined with rufous and rufous buff ; tail brown, the outer feathers largely white ; under parts white, the flanks washed with rufous ; super cilium white, on the sides of the neck a large black patch narrowly joined in front ; bill flesh colour ; legs reddish brown ; iris brown. Culmen 0.78, wing 5.0, tail 3.3, tarsus 1.0 inch. In the winter the upper parts are more fulvous in tinge and the feathers have ashy margins ; the black on the neck is interrupted in the middle. Sexes alike.
Hab. Southern Dauria, Mongolia, and Manchuria ; N. China in the winter season.
Frequents the elevated plateaux and hilly steppes, and is a resident in most parts of its range, merely changing locality according to season. Its song is short, somewhat like that of the Skylark, and is usually uttered whilst the bird is in the air. This Lark is a good mimic, and often imitates the song of other species. Its flight is undulating and rapid, and though it is usually seen on the ground it will occasionally perch on a bush. Like its allies it feeds chiefly on seeds, and in the winter collects in large flocks and wanders about in search of food. Its nest is placed on the ground in a small depression in the soil, or in a grass tussock, and the eggs, which are deposited late in May or in June, are said to resemble those of the crested Lark, and in size average about 0.91 by 0.71.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
553. Melanocorypha mongolica
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
553
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
385
Common name: 
Mongolian Lark
M_ID: 
21605
M_CN: 
Mongolian Lark
M_SN: 
Melanocorypha mongolica
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10554

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