551. Melanocorypha bimaculata

551. EASTERN CALANDRA LARK.
MELANOCORYPHA BIMACULATA.
Melanocorypha bimaculata (Menetr.), Cat. Rais. p. 37 (1832) ; Dresser, iv. p. 361, pl. 238, figs. 2, 3 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xiii. p. 555 ; Oates, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, ii. p. 323 ; M. torquata, Blyth, J.A.S.B. xvi. p. 476 (1847) ; Hume and Henders. Lah. to Yark. p. 265, pl. 27.
Male ad. (Turkestan). Differs from M. calandra in being smaller and in lacking the white tips to the secondaries, and the white on the outer tail- feathers, and all but the central ones are conspicuously tipped with white, the black also extends across the breast ; bill horn-brown, the under mandible yellowish, legs fleshy brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 0.7, wing 4.75, tail 2.5, tarsus 1.0 inch. Sexes alike.
Hab. N.E. Africa, Syria. Palestine, Asia Minor, the Caucasus, Transcaspia, Persia, Afghanistan, and Turkestan, Siberia as far north as Irkutsk, and Krasnoyarsk ; wintering in Sind, Rajputana, Bahawalpur, the Punjab, the N.W. Provinces of India, and Oudh.
Frequents dry sandy localities, both cultivated and fallow, and stubble-fields. In the winter it collects in largo flocks, and roams about the country in search of food, and it is said to be a somewhat shy and wary bird. Its song is loud and sweet, and it is a favourite cage bird with the Afghans. It places its nest, like M. calandra, on the ground, constructing it of grass-bents, and portions of dry plants, lined with the same, but somewhat finer, materials. The eggs, which are usually deposited in May, resemble those of M. calandra but are smaller, measuring about 0.9 by 0.67, and are as a rule greener in ground colour.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 1. 1902.
Title in Book: 
551. Melanocorypha bimaculata
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
551
Year: 
1902
Page No: 
384
Common name: 
Eastern Calandra Lark
M_ID: 
21601
M_CN: 
Bimaculated Lark
M_SN: 
Melanocorypha bimaculata
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
10211

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