255. Melanochlora sultanea

255. Melanochlora sultanea.

The Sultan-bird.

Parus sultaneus, Hodgs. Ind. Rev. 1836, p. 31; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 369 ; Gadow, Cat. B. M. viii, p. 6. Parus flavocristatus, Lafresn. Mag. Zool. 1837, pl. 80; Blyth, Cat. p. 102. Melanochlora sultanea (Hodgs.), Jerd. B. I, ii, p. 282; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii. p. 109; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 143; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 378; Anders. Yunnan Exped., Aves, p. 632; Hume, Cat. no. 650 ; Scully, S. F. viii, p. 324; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 190: Oates, S. F. x, p. 228; id. B. B. i, p. 129; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 256.
The Sultan Yellow-Tit, Jerd.; Bon tylia-pho, Lepch.

Coloration. Male. The forehead and crown with the crest brilliant yellow; the whole upper plumage, sides of the head and neck, chin, throat, and breast deep black, the edges of the feathers of the upper plumage with a metallic lustre, and the outermost tail-feathers tipped with white ; lower plumage from the breast downwards deep yellow, the thighs barred or mottled with white.

Female. The yellow parts duller ; the upper plumage and sides of the head dark greenish brown; the chin and throat yellowish brown; wings and tail dull black ; the feathers of the upper plumage edged with metallic green.

The young resemble the female, but in the youngest stage the bright edges to the plumage of the upper parts are absent, and the greater wing-coverts are tipped with white.

Bill black; mouth dark fleshy; eyelids plumbeous; iris dark brown ; legs plumbeous ; claws dark horn.

Length about 8 ; tail 3.8 ; wing 4.4 ; tarsus .95 ; bill from gape .75.

Distribution, The lower ranges of the Himalayas from Nepal to the head of the Assam valley ; the Khasi hills ; Cachar; Manipur; the Kakhyen hills east of Bhamo; Arrakan; the Pegu hills; Karennee ; Tenasserim. This species does not appear to be found above 4000 feet of elevation. It extends down the Malay peninsula.

Habits, &c. Frequents the larger trees in small flocks.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.1 1889.
Title in Book: 
255. Melanochlora sultanea
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
255
Year: 
1889
Page No: 
241
Common name: 
Sultan Bird
M_ID: 
21040
M_CN: 
Sultan Tit
M_SN: 
Melanochlora sultanea
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
351

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