870. Oedemia americana

870. American Scoter.
OEDEMIA AMERICANA.
OEdemia americana, Swains, and Richardson’s Faun. Bor. Am. ii. p. 451 (1831) ; (Audub.), B. Am. vi. p. 343, pl. 403 ; Salvadori, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxvii. p. 404 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 248 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 1191 ; Ridgway, p. 111.
Kuro-gamo, Jap.
Male ad. (New Brunswick). Differs from O. nigra in having the bill decidedly hooked, and the entire upper mandible, including the knob, yellow, on the sides shaded with scarlet-vermilion ; under inaudible blackish ; legs and feet blackish brown ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.70, wing 9.2, tail 4.0, tarsus 1.8 inch.
Hab. Northern America, breeding in the high north and migrating in winter south to New Jersey, the Great Lakes, and California ; Kamchatka and North-eastern Asia ; migrating in winter south to Corea and Japan.
In habits and nidification it does not differ from O. nigra, Its eggs are said to be pale brownish buff, and to measure about 2.55 by 1.80.

BookTitle: 
A Manual Of Palaearctic Birds
Reference: 
Dresser, Henry Eeles. A Manual of Palaearctic Birds. Vol. 2. 1903.
Title in Book: 
870. Oedemia americana
Book Author: 
H. E. Dresser
CatNo: 
870
Year: 
1903
Page No: 
628
Common name: 
American Scoter
M_ID: 
547
M_CN: 
Black Scoter
M_SN: 
Melanitta americana
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
9968

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